Inside the University 558 - Guard Retention with Your Eyes Closed

Inside the University 558 - Guard Retention with Your Eyes Closed

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Xande shows a nice drill you can use to practice guard retention. He lets his partner get the pants grip and try to pass using the toreando. Now with his eyes closed, Xande makes his frames on the arm and stays connected and spins with his opponent as he tries to pass.


Inside the University 557 - Defending the Toreando Pass

Inside the University 557 - Defending the Toreando Pass

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Now Xande's opponent is attempting the toreando or bull fighter pass, so Xande's first line of defense is to make his frames on the shoulder and biceps. As his opponent keeps trying to go around, Xande stays connected with his frames and uses his bottom foot to keep turning his body with his opponent, never giving him the angle to pass.

Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

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Saulo breaks down the fundamental movement of the hips while recovering guard. After his bridge, while still on his side, he is using a back and forth motion to gain momentum, whether he goes to recover guard or turn belly down. If he recovers, his inside leg now becomes a frame against his opponent's body, and a new point of leverage to use.

Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

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Saulo's opponent is passing his guard, so as soon as he gets around the legs, Saulo's first move is to turn on his side at his 45 degree angle, with both elbows attached to his body. His opponent drops his weight to put pressure, so Saulo bridges to create space. If he now has room to move his hips, he brings his legs in to recover guard.

Inside the University 470 - Pushing Yourself Out of a Hole

Inside the University 470 - Pushing Yourself Out of a Hole

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Using the idea of pushing himself up out of a hole, Xande explains the importance of pushing at the correct angle when escaping side control or recovering guard. When he pushes off his opponent, his arms directed down from his body, not away in front. This gives him the leverage and space he needs to escape and recover.

Inside the University 469 - Anticipating Side Control

Inside the University 469 - Anticipating Side Control

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Xande emphasizes a very important point that he is not so much playing guard at this point as he is anticipating and defending side control. With that in mind, his continuous focus is on keeping his foot out wide to keep stepping and escaping his hips so he has the space to bring his elbow frame inside. It's also very important that he does not get stuck flat on his back, and he is always working from his side.

Inside the University 468 - Replacing Guard when Opponent Reaches His Arm Across

Inside the University 468 - Replacing Guard when Opponent Reaches His Arm Across

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Xande's opponent does the old school pass, and this time he gets to the side and puts his arm across Xande's body to trap him with his forearm. Xande's reaction is to flare his outside leg out as wide as he can, and do an explosive bridge and hip escape to create as much space as possible. Now he can bring his forearm in to block his opponent's hips and recover his guard. Ideally Xande will react immediately and not give his opponent time to settle in.

Inside the University 467 - Avoiding the Wrist Lock

Inside the University 467 - Avoiding the Wrist Lock

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Answering a question of whether or not he is concerned about getting wrist locked while posting his hand on the hip, Xande details how he is only pushing with his palm and not placing his whole hand underneath the hip. By keeping his hand on the outside, he is safe from the wrist lock. He also points out the importance of keeping the other hand posted on the shoulder to prevent the pass while he's pushing off to escape his hips.

Inside the University 466 - Defending the Old School Pass when Opponent Keeps His Elbow Tight

Inside the University 466 - Defending the Old School Pass when Opponent Keeps His Elbow Tight

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This time when Xande's opponent reaches under the leg, he clamps his elbow shut and Xande cannot push it off as he did previously. Instead, Xande puts his hand on the hip and walks his shoulders out until his arm is straight, and he places his other hand on the shoulder. From here he walks his free leg out a little, turns his hips inside, and repeats until he has enough space to bring his knee back in and place his feet on the hips to recover guard.

Inside the University 465 - Opening the Elbow

Inside the University 465 - Opening the Elbow

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After watching students, Xande points out some key details of the guard recovery. The first is to immediately bring your hand to the elbow as soon as your opponent swims his arm under your leg. Also, make sure it's under the elbow rather than just on the side, so you can push it up and away with better leverage. It's very important to open his elbow and not let him keep his arm clamped down on your leg.

Inside the University 464 - Defending the Old School Pass

Inside the University 464 - Defending the Old School Pass

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Xande's opponent is attempting the old school pass, with one arm under his leg and reaching to his cross lapel, looking to stack and pass. The first thing Xande does is clamp down his leg on his opponent's arm. As his opponent reaches across, Xande cups the elbow and turns his leg to the inside as he pushes and turns to his side. Now he pushes off his bottom foot to hip escape, giving him the space he needs to bring his leg back in and recover guard.

Inside the University 446 - Staying on Your Side

Inside the University 446 - Staying on Your Side

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A common error people will make while playing the classic collar and sleeve guard is to get caught laying flat on their back. This is when your opponent has the best chance of passing your guard. It is very important to stay on your side and not let your opponent flatten you out.