Inside the University 621 - Resetting the Pedal

Inside the University 621 - Resetting the Pedal

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Now Xande emphasizes the importance of resetting the pedal in this series of movements and techniques. When using his diamond defense and knee shield, his number one goal is to get his foot on the hip and control the distance between him and his opponent.


Inside the University 620 - Pivoting from Control Points and Setting Up Spider Guard

Inside the University 620 - Pivoting from Control Points and Setting Up Spider Guard

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Xande has his knee shield guard with his spur in place, and his opponent is trying to hug and control his head. His immediate reaction is to frame against the arm using the diamond defense. Next he removes his spur to place his pedal, and slides his knee shield up to the chest so his foot is on the other hip. Now he squares his hips to his opponent and grabs both sleeves with both feet on the hips, where he can begin to play spider guard.

Inside the University 618 - Using Your Pedal and Spur to Retain Guard

Inside the University 618 - Using Your Pedal and Spur to Retain Guard

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While retaining his open guard, two of Xande's greatest assets are his pedal (foot on the hip) and spur (heel behind the thigh). In this drill, when he opens his guard, his opponent steps over his leg to begin passing. This is when Xande places his spur behind the inside leg and keeps control of it, while also keeping his collar gripping arm straight to maintain distance. When he has the chance, he extends his body, creating space for him to remove his spur and place his foot on the outside hip to make his pedal. Now he can push off the hip to square himself and recover guard.

Inside the University 601 - Knee Shield Principles

Inside the University 601 - Knee Shield Principles

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Xande breaks down the general concepts of the knee shield guard, stressing the importance of using one foot on the hip while using your knee shield. He shows how to switch back and forth from side to side, and how to use his frame to scoot back into a technical stand up or to reset his guard.

Inside the University 558 - Guard Retention with Your Eyes Closed

Inside the University 558 - Guard Retention with Your Eyes Closed

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Xande shows a nice drill you can use to practice guard retention. He lets his partner get the pants grip and try to pass using the toreando. Now with his eyes closed, Xande makes his frames on the arm and stays connected and spins with his opponent as he tries to pass.

Inside the University 557 - Defending the Toreando Pass

Inside the University 557 - Defending the Toreando Pass

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Now Xande's opponent is attempting the toreando or bull fighter pass, so Xande's first line of defense is to make his frames on the shoulder and biceps. As his opponent keeps trying to go around, Xande stays connected with his frames and uses his bottom foot to keep turning his body with his opponent, never giving him the angle to pass.

Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

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Saulo breaks down the fundamental movement of the hips while recovering guard. After his bridge, while still on his side, he is using a back and forth motion to gain momentum, whether he goes to recover guard or turn belly down. If he recovers, his inside leg now becomes a frame against his opponent's body, and a new point of leverage to use.

Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

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Saulo's opponent is passing his guard, so as soon as he gets around the legs, Saulo's first move is to turn on his side at his 45 degree angle, with both elbows attached to his body. His opponent drops his weight to put pressure, so Saulo bridges to create space. If he now has room to move his hips, he brings his legs in to recover guard.

Inside the University 470 - Pushing Yourself Out of a Hole

Inside the University 470 - Pushing Yourself Out of a Hole

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Using the idea of pushing himself up out of a hole, Xande explains the importance of pushing at the correct angle when escaping side control or recovering guard. When he pushes off his opponent, his arms directed down from his body, not away in front. This gives him the leverage and space he needs to escape and recover.

Inside the University 469 - Anticipating Side Control

Inside the University 469 - Anticipating Side Control

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Xande emphasizes a very important point that he is not so much playing guard at this point as he is anticipating and defending side control. With that in mind, his continuous focus is on keeping his foot out wide to keep stepping and escaping his hips so he has the space to bring his elbow frame inside. It's also very important that he does not get stuck flat on his back, and he is always working from his side.

Inside the University 468 - Replacing Guard when Opponent Reaches His Arm Across

Inside the University 468 - Replacing Guard when Opponent Reaches His Arm Across

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Xande's opponent does the old school pass, and this time he gets to the side and puts his arm across Xande's body to trap him with his forearm. Xande's reaction is to flare his outside leg out as wide as he can, and do an explosive bridge and hip escape to create as much space as possible. Now he can bring his forearm in to block his opponent's hips and recover his guard. Ideally Xande will react immediately and not give his opponent time to settle in.

Inside the University 467 - Avoiding the Wrist Lock

Inside the University 467 - Avoiding the Wrist Lock

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Answering a question of whether or not he is concerned about getting wrist locked while posting his hand on the hip, Xande details how he is only pushing with his palm and not placing his whole hand underneath the hip. By keeping his hand on the outside, he is safe from the wrist lock. He also points out the importance of keeping the other hand posted on the shoulder to prevent the pass while he's pushing off to escape his hips.