Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

Inside the University 536 - Back and Forth Hip Movement

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Saulo breaks down the fundamental movement of the hips while recovering guard. After his bridge, while still on his side, he is using a back and forth motion to gain momentum, whether he goes to recover guard or turn belly down. If he recovers, his inside leg now becomes a frame against his opponent's body, and a new point of leverage to use.


Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

Inside the University 535 - Recovering Guard when Your Opponent Passes Your Legs

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Saulo's opponent is passing his guard, so as soon as he gets around the legs, Saulo's first move is to turn on his side at his 45 degree angle, with both elbows attached to his body. His opponent drops his weight to put pressure, so Saulo bridges to create space. If he now has room to move his hips, he brings his legs in to recover guard.

Inside the University 534 - 45 Degree Hip Escape

Inside the University 534 - 45 Degree Hip Escape

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Now progressing to defense when your opponent is already going around your legs, Saulo discusses the concept of the 45 degree hip escape. Where many people fully extend themselves to a 90 degree hip escape, Saulo points out the flaw in this and shows how just going 45 opens up many more options to bridge, recover, turn belly down and so on.

Inside the University 533 - Taking the Back from Half Guard

Inside the University 533 - Taking the Back from Half Guard

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From the half guard, Saulo bridges and gets the underhook, keeping his hand closer to the side of the back rather than reaching across, to protect from the whizzer. Now he switches his legs, using his outside leg as his hook. He opens his elbow and turns to his shoulder, opening space for him to get to his knees and sneak out the back door, ready to attack his opponent's back.

Inside the University 532 - Using the Bridge to Create Space

Inside the University 532 - Using the Bridge to Create Space

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When turning to block with your shoulder, it is important that you don't turn too far that you start facing the mat. Stop when your shoulder is in your opponent's chest. Also, any action taken from here must begin with a bridge. Whether you're going for the underhook or looking to recover, the bridge will create the space you need.

Inside the University 531 - Proper Framing from Half Guard

Inside the University 531 - Proper Framing from Half Guard

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Now Saulo focuses on the proper framing techniques to use while on bottom in half guard. Rather than trying to push his opponent away with his hands, he turns to his side, making a block with his shoulder and letting his hand on the ground. From here, he can bridge and bring his arm out to make an underhook. Another option is to frame both hands on the biceps, and hip escape to create the space needed to recover guard.

Inside the University 530 - Bridging Mechanics from Half Guard

Inside the University 530 - Bridging Mechanics from Half Guard

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Correcting a couple mistakes he saw his students making, Saulo shows not to put your hook leg too deep in the half guard. This mistake will keep you from being able to escape your hips as much as you need to create the space to recover guard. Also, it is important when you bridge that you don't throw your arm over the top of your opponent's head. Keep it on the nearside for better leverage and control.

Inside the University 529 - Bridge Escape from Half Guard

Inside the University 529 - Bridge Escape from Half Guard

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Saulo is on bottom in half guard, and his opponent has the underhook and head control, which is the worst spot he can be in now. First, Saulo hooks his opponent's leg with his inside leg, rather than crossing his legs and locking himself flat. Next he makes sure his elbow is tight to his ribs. Now he pushes off his outside foot to bridge, and uses the inside of his other elbow to push the top of the head to the inside. Here he can bring his knee inside across the hips, and push to extend his body, creating the space he needs to recover his guard.

Inside the University 528 - Grip Breaking

Inside the University 528 - Grip Breaking

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During the stand up fight, Saulo's opponent has the traditional collar and sleeve grip, as does Saulo. To break, he slides his hand down from the triceps to the end of the sleeve. His other hand cups the inside of the wrist, and he leans back as he pushes the wrist to break the collar grip. Now to break the sleeve grip, he aggressively pulls his arm and pivots about 90 degrees.

Inside the University 527 - Saulo Sparring Murilo Ninja Rua

Inside the University 527 - Saulo Sparring Murilo Ninja Rua

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Old school MMA fighter Murilo Ninja Rua visited the University of Jiu Jitsu and had a sparring session with Saulo.

Inside the University 526 - Dealing with Your Opponent's Legs

Inside the University 526 - Dealing with Your Opponent's Legs

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Covering several possibilities you could encounter while trying to pass the open guard, Saulo shows some different reactions you should train yourself for. If his opponent sits up with his feet on the ground, he doesn't worry about the legs, but just controls the shoulder. When he does engage the legs, Saulo will either knee slice to the inside, or sprawl and smash to the outside.

Inside the University 525 - Establishing Headquarters

Inside the University 525 - Establishing Headquarters

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Focusing on the beginning of the pass, Saulo breaks down establishing a solid base in headquarters. Once he slaps the legs and steps inside, he keeps his feet flat on the ground and squats low, sitting on the foot. Here he can sway side to side in a comfortable stance, and not telegraph to his opponent which side he wants to pass.