Inside the University 530 - Bridging Mechanics from Half Guard

Inside the University 530 - Bridging Mechanics from Half Guard

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Correcting a couple mistakes he saw his students making, Saulo shows not to put your hook leg too deep in the half guard. This mistake will keep you from being able to escape your hips as much as you need to create the space to recover guard. Also, it is important when you bridge that you don't throw your arm over the top of your opponent's head. Keep it on the nearside for better leverage and control.


Inside the University 529 - Bridge Escape from Half Guard

Inside the University 529 - Bridge Escape from Half Guard

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Saulo is on bottom in half guard, and his opponent has the underhook and head control, which is the worst spot he can be in now. First, Saulo hooks his opponent's leg with his inside leg, rather than crossing his legs and locking himself flat. Next he makes sure his elbow is tight to his ribs. Now he pushes off his outside foot to bridge, and uses the inside of his other elbow to push the top of the head to the inside. Here he can bring his knee inside across the hips, and push to extend his body, creating the space he needs to recover his guard.

Inside the University 513 - Hip Switch Half Guard Pass

Inside the University 513 - Hip Switch Half Guard Pass

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From inside his opponent's half guard, Saulo makes a thumb in cross collar grip and switches his hips to face his opponent. When he switches, he puts his head heavy on the chest and drops his hips low, placing his outside knee underneath his opponent's thigh. Now he uses his outside shin to block the bottom knee and straightens his arm to open the guard and get his pass. He also has the option to choke, depending on how his opponent reacts.

Dennis Hallman Series 12 - Straight Foot Lock to Toe Hold

Dennis Hallman Series 12 - Straight Foot Lock to Toe Hold

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Continuing from the last position, Dennis is in the 50/50 guard attacking the straight foot lock, and his opponent defends by turning belly down. Rolling with his opponent, Dennis releases his straight foot lock grip and replaces it with a key lock. Now he can crank and finish a toe hold ankle lock.

Dennis Hallman Series 11 - Straight Foot Lock from Half Guard on Bottom

Dennis Hallman Series 11 - Straight Foot Lock from Half Guard on Bottom

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Dennis is on bottom in half guard, and escapes his hips to place his knee shield across the belly and pushes his opponent away. Next he throws his other leg over his opponent's leg, and his opponent reacts by turning and sitting back on his butt. From here Dennis throws his other leg over his opponent's leg to a 50/50 guard and pulls it to the other side where he can attack a straight foot lock.

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 10 - Side Smash Body Lock

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 10 - Side Smash Body Lock

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Continuing his lesson on the differences of Jiu Jitsu and MMA grappling styles, Rafael shows a body lock he has been using to pin his opponent's down and smother them. When he gets to the side smash position, his opponent bases on his elbow and tries to back away. Instead of switching sides or going to the back as is normal in Jiu Jitsu, Rafael wraps his arms around the body, locks his hands and drives his shoulder into the chest to keep his opponent down. With this body lock, he can keep his opponent immobilized and work to pass or keep grinding.

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 9 - Adapting Jiu Jitsu to MMA

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 9 - Adapting Jiu Jitsu to MMA

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Now Rafael discusses some ways his Jiu Jitsu has changed since he began fighting MMA, most notably becoming more aggressive or violent, as he puts it. The concepts he shows are the same as when he has his cross collar grip and uses his forearm to pressure the face, but with nothing to grab onto, he either keeps his hand on the mat next the face or just pushes the chin. The principles are the same, and he can adapt his Jiu Jitsu to a real fight scenario.

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 4 - When to Use the Thumb In Collar Grip

Rafael Lovato Jr.'s Evolution of Jiu Jitsu 4 - When to Use the Thumb In Collar Grip

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When using the cross knee or knee cut pass, the most important thing for Rafael is that he can use his elbow to put pressure on his opponent’s neck and face. With the thumb in collar grip, he has a hard time utilizing his elbow pressure, so he prefers to go four fingers in. However, in almost every other situation, Rafael will use the thumb in grip. This does not necessarily mean either is right or wrong, but this is what works for him.

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 6 - Head Lock Sweep

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 6 - Head Lock Sweep

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It's Yan Lucas' turn to ask Leonel a question, so he starts in the deep half where Leonel has the sleeve grip under the leg and is framing with his arm. To defend the first sweep, Yan gets the cross face, places his head in Leonel's chest and sprawls his free leg back to stay low. Now Leonel brings his arm up, reaches over the back of Yan's head and grabs the armpit. From here he crunches his body, forcing Yan's head and knee together, and pushes off the mat with his feet to turn his hips to the outside and roll Yan over the top.

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 5 - Hip Bump Sweep with Double Unders

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 5 - Hip Bump Sweep with Double Unders

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With the same grips and position set up as in the previous two techniques, now Xande has a question on what Leonel will do if he can break Leonel's sleeve grip. The first thing he does is feed the same side lapel to his hand and grips that instead of the sleeve. Then he swims his other arm under the leg and switches the grip to his other hand, and now uses his forearm as a frame to keep Xande from using his knee to pressure. By opening his elbow, Leonel creates space to bring his free arm between the legs and grabs the belt, pants or even other lapel if it's accessible. Now he can raise his hips and bridge to finish the hip bump sweep.

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 4 - Sit Up Sweep

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 4 - Sit Up Sweep

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Showing another variation from the previous technique, Leonel begins with the sleeve grip under the leg and Xande's knee in the middle on his belly. This time however, Xande steps his outside leg up to keep a base. As soon as he does, Leonel swings his leg forward and sits up to an S position, keeping his knees pinched tight. With his free hand posted on the mat, he pulls himself up to his knees, pulling Xande's leg away and sweeping him in the process.

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 3 - Sweep when Opponent Puts His Knee in the Middle

Leonel Marra Deep Half Guard 3 - Sweep when Opponent Puts His Knee in the Middle

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In this technique, Xande is inside Leonel's half guard and using his knee to put pressure on Leonel's belly. With his knees pinching Xande's leg, Leonel uses his knee to bump Xande forward, and he brings his arm under the leg and grips the sleeve. Xande's reaction is to get a cross face and try to smash Leonel, so Leonel reaches over the back and grabs the belt. Now he pushes off the mat with his feet to lift his hips, and turns the opposite direction his hips are facing, rolling Xande over him and finishing on top. To pass, he can easily kick his leg back and get to side control.